Jute is a natural fiber and called “Golden Fiber” for its luster and color like gold. It was first found on the African coast of the Mediterranean . It is very difficult to trace out the exact period of the first appearance or growth of this jute plant in Indo- Bangla-Pak sub – continent. It is, however, understood that jute was being cultivated on the soil of Bangladesh from the very ancient time and the people of low income group of Bangladesh used to wear a kind of cloth made of jute fiber. Jute flourished in Bangladesh as an important cottage industry through out the country.
The export of hand woven jute clothes began in the year 1805. But the jute cottage industry began to vanish gradually from Bangladesh like world famous Muslin of Dhaka due to discouragement and other political reasons. It was Europe which nurtured jute to gain international stature. Europe’s requirement moved the wheels of jute industry in this area. And till today, it plays a significant role in shaping the nature of Bangladesh jute industry.
World’s finest and best quality jute grows in different regions of Bangladesh due to presence of favorable natural climatic conditions and alluvial soil. So far, about 40 species of jute have been found, out of which only two species have got it’s main real commercial value as well as industrial use. Of the several species of jute, one is called Corchorus capsularis (white jute) and the other Corchorus olitorius ( both tossa and deshi jute). The third type is know as Mestha which is the natural substitute of jute.
Jute is a major world fiber and cash crop. The cultivated species of jute, Corchorus capsularis and C. olitorius, yield a best fiber which is the second largest traded commodity after Cotton.
It is also important from a global point of view as it has the potential to contribute to sustainable economic development, poverty alleviation and environmental protection. The importance of the jute sector to the Bangladesh economy, in particular, cannot be over-stated, it is a major cash crop for over three million small farm households, the largest industry, producing about one- third of manufacturing output, and the largest agricultural export commodity in Bangladesh. The livelihood of about 25 million people (almost one – fifth of the total population ) is dependent on jute – related activities in agriculture , domestic marketing , manufacturing and trade .
Jute, as a renewable natural fiber, is also bio- degradable and environmentally friendly, it is one of the few crops which can be grown in the monsoon season, and can be rotated with rice to restore the soil fertility and structure. The leaves of jute plants enrich the fertility of the soil for sustained agriculture, and have good nutrition value as vegetables. Use of jute sticks as fuel and fencing material as substitute for wood prevents deforestation. Therefore, given the increased global concern for the environment, the future prospects for jute remains high.
Jute has proven to be a versatile fiber. Apart from it’s traditional use as a packaging material, a host of other useful items such as fabric of gorgeous textures, cushion covers, curtains, screens, bed spreads, upholstery and other home furnishings.
|BANGLADESH JUTE AT A GLANCE
|1.||Average land area||12.35 Lac acres jute cultivation|
|2.||Average production of jute||72 Lac bales (1.29 Million Ton.)|
|carryover||None from pervious year production|
|Total||72 Lac bales (1.29 Million Ton)|
|3.||Average internal consumption of Jute||50 Lac bales (0.9 Million Ton)|
|4.||Average Export of raw
Jute with value
|Quantity||Value (Cr. Tk)|
|26.00 Lac bales (0.46 Million Ton)||974|
|5.||Number of jute Mills||Under BJSA 59|
|Under BJMA 88|
|Under BJMC 27|
|6.||Number of workers
Employed in Jute Mills (Approx.)
|BJSA Mills 53868|
|BJMA Mills 42908|
|BJMC Mills 49723|
|7.||Average production of
|BJSA Mills 3,25,707 M. Tons|
|BJMA Mills 1,28,231 M. Tons|
|BJMC Mills 1,29,419 M. Tons|
|8.||Average internal consumption
of Jute goods
|BJSA Mills 15000 M. Tons (yarn/twine)|
|BJMA Mills 43000 M. Tons (sacking/hessain)|
|BJMC Mills 20100 M. Tons (sacking/hessain)|
|9.||Average Export of jutegoods with quantity, value||Quantity (M.T)||Value (Cr. Tk)|
|BJSA Mills 3,11,490||1459|
|BJMA Mills 81,536||414|
|BJMC Mills 1,01,636||461|
|10.||Spindles in Jute||1,54,333 installed|
|Spinning Mills||1,29,575 Operated|
BJSA Bangladesh Jute Spinners Association (Private Sector)
BJMA Bangladesh Jute Mills Association (Private Sector)
BJMC Bangladesh Jute Mills Corporation (Public Sector)
CBC Carpet Backing Cloth
Weight & Measures:
1 acre = 0.405 hectares
1 bale = 180 K.G.
1 mt = 5.56 Bales